Punjab Public Service Commission (PPSC)
Mains Examination Syllabus - Punjabi
Answers must be written in Punjabi in Gurumukhi Script
(a) Origin of Punjabi language : different stages of
development and recent development in Punjabi language : characteristics of
Punjabi phonology and the study of its tones: classification of vowels and
(b) Punjabi morphology : the number-gender system (animate
and inanimate), prefixes, affixes and different categories of Post positions:
Punjabi word formation: Tatsam.
Tad Bhav, forms: Sentence structure, the notion of subject
and object in Punjabi: Noun and verb phrases.
(c) Language and dialect; the notions of dialect and
idiolect; major dialects of Punjabi; Pothohari, Majhi, Doabi, Malwai, Puadhi;
the validity of speech variation on the basis of social stratification, the
distinctive features of various dialects with special reference to tones.
Language and script; origin and development of Gurmukhi;
suitability of Gurmukhi for Punjabi.
(d) Classical background; Nath Jogi Sahit Medieval literature
: Gurmat, Sufti, Kissa and Var Janamsakhis.
(a) Modern trends Mystic, romantic, progressive and neomystic
(Vir Singh, Puran Singh, Mohan Singh, Amrita Pritam, Bawa Balwant, Pritam Singh
Safeer, J.S. Neki).
Experimentalist (Jasbir Singh Ahluwalia, Ravinder Ravi, Ajaib
Kamal) Aesthetes (Harbhajan Singh, Tara Singh) Neo-progressive (Pash. Jagtar,
Origin and Development of Genres :
(b) Folk literature Folk songs, Folk tales. Riddles,
Epic (Vir Singh, Avtar Singh, Azad Mohan Singh) Lyric (Gurus,
Sufis and Modern Lyricists—Mohan Singh Amrita Pritam, Shiv Kumar, Harbhajan