Punjab Public Service Commission (PPSC)
Preliminary Examination Syllabus - Civil Engineering
1. Engineering Mechanics :
Units and Dimensions, SI Units, Vectors, Concept of Force,
Concept of particle and rigid body. Concurrent, non-concurrent and parallel
forces in a plane, moment of force and Varignon’s theorem, free body diagram,
conditions of equilibrium, Principle of virtual work, equivalent force system.
First and Second Moments of area, Mass moment of Inertia.
Static Friction Inclined plane and bearings.
Kinematics and Kinetics : Kinematics in cartesian and
polar co-ordinates, motion under uniform and non-uniform acceleration, motion
under gravity. Kinetics of particle : Momentum and Energy principles, ‘D’
Alembert’s Principle, Collision of elastic bodies, rotation of rigid bodies,
simple harmonic motion.
2. Strength of Materials :
Simple Stress and Strain, Elastic constants, axially loaded
compression members, Shear force and bending moment, theory of simple bending,
Shear Stress distribution across cross sections, Beams of uniform strength, Leaf
spring, Strain Energy in direct stress, bending and shear.
Deflection of beams :
Macaulay’s method, Mohr’s moment area method, Conjugate beam
method, unit load method. Torsion of Shafts, Transmission of power, closecoiled
helical springs, Elastic stability of columns : Euler’s, Rankine’s and Secant
formulae. Principal stresses and strains in two dimensions, Mohr’s Circle.
Theories of Elastic Failure, Thin and Thick cylinders : Stresses due to internal
and external pressures—Lame’s equations.
3. Structural Analysis :
Analysis of pin jointed plane trusses, deflection in trusses.
Three hinged and two hinged arches, rib shortening, temperature effects,
influence lines in arches. Analysis of propped cantilevers, fixed beams,
continuous beams and rigid frames. Slope deflection, moment distribution, Kani’s
method and Matrix method : Force and Displacement Methods. Rolling loads and
influence lines for determinate beams and pin jointed trusses.
Geotechnical Engineering:—Types of soil, field
identification and classification, phase relationships, consistency limits,
particle size distribution, classification of soil, structure and clay
Capillary water and structural water, effective stress and
pore water pressure, Darcy’s Law, factors affecting permeability, determination
of permeability, permeability of stratified soil deposits.
Seepage pressure, quick sand condition, compressibility and
consolidation, Terzaghi’s theory of one dimensional consolidation, consolidation
test. Compaction of soil, optimum moisture content, Proctor Density.
Subsurface exploration, methods of boring, sampling, types of
sampler, field tests. Shear strength of soils, Mohr-Coulomb failure theory,
Earth pressure at rest, active and passive pressure,
Rankine’s theory, Coulomb’s wedge theory, earth pressure on retaining wall.
Bearing capacity, Terzaghi and other important theories, net
and gross bearing pressure,Immediate and consolidation settlement.
Load carrying capacity of pile groups.
Stability of slope-Conventional method of slices, stability
Transportation Engineering :
Highway alignment, choice of layout and capacity of highways,
location survey, geometric design of highways—various elements, curves, grade
separation and segregation of traffic, intersection design, highway materials
and testing subgrade and pavement components, types of pavements, road drainage,
elements of airport engineering.
Railway engineering-elements of permanent track-rails,
sleepers, ballast and rail fastenings, tractive resistance, elements of
geometric design—gradients and grade compensation on curves, cant transition
curves and vertical curves, stresses in railway tracks, points and crossings,
signalling and interlocking, maintenance of railway track. Culverts and small
Fluid Mechanics:—Fluid properties, fluid statics,
forces on plane and curved surfaces,
stability of floating and submerged bodies.
Kinematics:—Velocity, streamlines, continuity
equation, accelerations irrotational and rotational flow, velocity potential and
stream functions, flownet, separation.
Dynamics:—Euler’s equation along streamline, control
volume equation, continuity, momentum, energy and moment of momentum equation
from control volume equation, applications to pipe flow, moving vanes, moment of
momentum, Dimensional analysis. Boundary layer on a flat plate, drag and lift on
bodies. Laminar and Turbulent Flows.
Laminar and turbulent flow through pipes, friction factor
variation, pipe networks, water hammer, and surge tanks.
Open Channel Flow: Energy and momentum correction factors,
uniform and nonuniform flows, specific energy and specific force, critical
depth, friction factors and roughness coefficients, flow in transitions, free
overfall, weirs, hydraulic jump, surges, gradually varied flow equations,
surface profiles, moving hydraulic jump.
Environmental Engineering :
Water Supply:—Estimation of surface and subsurface
water resources, predicting demand for water, impurities of water and their
significance, physical, chemical and bacteriological analysis, water borne
diseases, standards for potable water.
Intake of water:—pumping and gravity schemes, water
treatment: principles of coagulation, flocculation and sedimentation; slow-,
rapid-, pressure, filters; chlorination, softening, removal of taste, odour and
Water storage and distribution: Storage and balancing
reservoir types, location and capacity. Distribution systems: layout, hydraulics
of pipe lines, pipe fittings, valves including check and pressure reducing
valves, meters, analysis of distribution systems, leak detection, maintenance of
distribution systems, pumping stations and their operations.
Sewerage systems:—Domestic and industrial wastes,
storm sewage—separate andcombined systems, flow through sewers, design of
sewers, sewer appurtenances, manholes, inlets, junctions, siphon. Plumbing in
oved oxygen, nitrogen and TOC.
Standards of disposal in normal water course and on land.
Sewage treatment:—Working principles, units, chambers,
sedimentation tank, trickling filters, oxidation ponds, activated sludge
process, septic tank, disposal of sludge, recycling of waste water.
Construction Management :