Into the IAS, IPS and the Central Services, Group A and Group B,
is through the Combined Competitive Examination for the Civil
Services. Recruitment to the Indian Forest Service is through a
Except for the post of Union Cabinet Secretary, the Government of
India hierarchy is common to all services. The scales are:
Begin their careers with a two-year probationary period. This is
spent partly in training, after which they may be posted at the
state secretariat; as field officers; or a District Magistrate's
office. Junior scale officers in the position of Sub-Magistrate
are given mainly regulatory duties, like law and order,
enforcement of rules, and general administration, including the
supervision of development work.
Starts at Under Secretary level and includes District Magistrates,
Directors of public enterprises and Directors of government
departments. Within this scale are:
├Г┬п├В┬┐├В┬╜ Junior Administrative Grade-Deputy Secretary
├Г┬п├В┬┐├В┬╜ Selection Grade-Director
Both these positions hold similar responsibilities, and are at par
with each other.
Joint Secretary is the highest among Government of India
administrative posts. Above this position come the policy makers.
In the Central Services, this scale is sometimes titled the Senior
The work undertaken by an Additional Secretary is similar to that
of a Secretary though the level of
responsibility is lower.
Secretaries head government departments and are concerned with
planning in their particular areas. Some appointments such as
finance and planning are considered more prestigious than others,
and are therefore at par with the post of Additional Chief
Secretary. Another title for this level is Principal Secretary.
The top ranking civil servant in any state-is responsible for
everything that happens in the state as far as duties assigned to
state governments are concerned.
Is the highest post at the center.